Dukhan has been serving Qatar's oil and gas industry for more than half a century.
kilometers from Doha on the west coast of Qatar, gained its
significance due to the discovery of crude oil. Exploration for oil in
Dukhan fields began in 1935 and the first well was drilled in 1940.
first shipment of crude oil was exported from Qatar on 31st December
1949.Since then Dukhan has witnessed gradual development to accommodate
oil and gas operation facilities in addition to housing, medical,
recreational and educational institutions and services. Dukhan is being
further developed and modernized to better meet Qatar Petroleum's oil
and gas operations and the communities’ requirements.
Fields & Operations
Dukhan oil field
The various operations and activities in the Dukhan oil field, which
extends over an area of approximately 640 square kilometers, are managed
and conducted by Qatar Petroleum.
took full control of all oil and associated gas operations in the
Dukhan n Field in 1974 with the formation of Qatar Petroleum (QP), or
Qatar General Petroleum Company (QGPC) as it was known at that time.
During the same year, the first development well in Khuff reservoir was
Crude oil and gas
In Dukhan Field, crude oil is produced from Arab-C, Arab-D and Uwainat
reservoirs. The production facilities are located in Khatiyah, Fahahil
and Jaleha sectors.
associated gas are separated at four main (khatiyah Khatiyah North,
Khatiyah Main, Fahahil Main and Jaleha) and three remote (Khatiyah
South, Fahahil North and Fahahil South) degassing stations.
raw associated gas separated from different stages is compressed to 400
pounds per square inch and sent to Fahahil Stripping Plant ) after
dehydration in the field dehydration units. The oil is de-watered in
settling tanks and then routed via storage tanks to main oil line pumps.
Each of the three main stations (Khatiyah, Fahahil and Jaleha) pump the
oil to Umm Bab Booster Station, where its pressure is boosted for
further transportation by pipeline to Mesaieed on the east coast of
Khuff gas was originally used as the fuel supply to the main Doha power
stations at Ras Abu Aboud and Ras Abu Fontas.Khuff gas is now operated
as a strategic reserve to supplement fuel gas supplies to Doha power
Fahahil North Field gas
injection compressor station.North Field gas emanates from a giant gas
and condensate reservoir, which extends over an area of more than 6,000
square kilometers off the north east coast of Qatar.
North Field gas is processed in NGL-3 plant at Mesaieed. The surplus
lean gas from NGL-3 is received at Fahahil North Field injection
station, where its pressure is boosted for injection into Khuff and
Arab-D reservoirs for storage and reservoir management respectively.
Powered water injection system (Secondary Recovery)
The function of powered water injection is to enhance oil recovery and
maintain the reservoir pressures in Dukhan Field for Arab-C, Arab-D and
Uwainat formations. This is achieved by abstracting water from a
natural aquifer (Umm Er Radhuma) and pumping it down the designated
injection wells connected to the relevant, formations via a high
pressure ring main encircling Dukhan Field. In addition to the ring main
three clusters of PWI have also been provided for isolated areas for
the same purpose.
The Arab-D cap gas recycling system plant
The Arab-D cap gas recycling plant was originally installed with the
objective to produce 800 million cubic feet per day (mcf/d) MMSCFD of
gas from the Arab-D gas cap, extract 40,000 dbarrels per day (b/d) of
condensate and up to 750 tons per day of natural gas liquids (NGL). The
residue gas is re injected into the same reservoir/formation. The
plant was commissioned in June 1998 and the first batch of product was
exported from Mesaieed on August 27, 1998.
The Arab-D cap gas recycling plant has been upgraded under Dukhan Arab–D
upgrade to increase the raw NGL recovery from 750 to 5,600 t/d Raw NGL
from this plant is being processed at NGL-4 plant, for supplying ethane
to Q-Chem for the production of ethylene.
Township & Community
QP provides infrastructure, services, social, recreational, civic and
business facilities for the community in the QP Dukhan Township,
concession and the neighboring areas. 1,860 housing units are provided
for married and bachelor staff within Dukhan Township. Recreational
facilities for staff and families are provided through four staff clubs
offering a fully equipped fitness center, swimming pool, tennis courts,
and squash and badminton complex. There is also a state-of-the-art
services are available to the multinational workforce employed in
Dukhan through different restaurants as well as extended services such
as a-la-carte, coffee shop, function catering and VIP service.
Dukhan English School
Dukhan English School (DES) is one of the oldest English-medium schools
in Qatar, tracing its origins back to the early 1950s. DES is owned and
operated by QP for the benefit of its employees who reside in Dukhan. It
offers a British curriculum from pre-nursery age four up to IGCSE at
age 16 years and A Levels at age 18 years Dukhan Medical Centre
Though health care has been available in Dukhan since early exploration
times, the QP Medical Services Department moved into its current
premises in 1983. It provides a comprehensive primary care,
occupational and dental health care to QP employees and family members
residing in Dukhan as well as the population in surrounding areas. A
24-hour emergency service with full-fledged ambulatory care is linked
with Qatar’s Emergency Medical Services.
addition to Dukhan Medical Centre, QP Medical Services operates a
contractor clinic providing primary health care access to contractor
An ambulance station at Umm Bab, 28 kilometers from Dukhan, covers the QP concession area 24 hours a day.
Dukhan Power Station
Located inside Dukhan township, Dukhan Power Station is the hub of power
generation and distribution of Dukhan Field. The station is entirely
operated and maintained by QP.
station consists of 14 gas turbine generators and has a total installed
capacity of 39 megawatts. Power is supplied from the power station to
the field production stations via overhead power lines operating at
33,000 volts. Power for the township and the Qatar Electricity &
Water Company (QEWC) desalination plant is also supplied from the power
station via underground cables operating at 11,000 volts.
to increasing demand in the power supply for Dukhan Fields, two
132,000-volt overhead line links were established with Qatar General
Electricity and Power Company, one link from Doha and the other from Ras
Telecommunication services started in the early 1940s and were limited
to copper cable and magneto phones. Now the telecommunication services
are some of the most advanced facilities including a state-of-the-art
Meridian Exchange, which has an expandable capacity of 5,000 subscriber
lines and an optical fiber-based telecom network through the Dukhan
Dukhan Desalination Plant
Dukhan Desalination Plant was constructed in 1995, producing about two
million gallons per day of desalinated water. The plant was handed over
to Dukhan Operations in 1997 and later sold to QEWC, which took over
operational and maintenance activities in January, 2003.
The storage capacity of Dukhan potable water tanks was upgraded from 4 million gallons to 10 million gallons in 2007. Dukhan Sewage Treatment Plant
Domestic sewage generated by the population of Dukhan township and
surrounding installations is collected and transferred to Dukhan Sewage
Treatment Plant where it undergoes many processes to remove all
contaminants, producing treated sewage effluent which is utilized for
irrigation purposes. QP, in coordination with the Supreme Council for
the Environment and the Natural Reserves ensures that the plant operates
to international standards.
Since 1994 QP has been running its oil and gas operations in Dukhan in an environmentally –friendly way.
Dukhan received an appreciation award from the Arabian Cities Award
Organization (Environment), has been praised for its care of the
environment in numerous ways and for keeping the environment safe for
Several projects have been undertaken to improve marine, land and air environment in and around Dukhan. These include:
to the above projects, several other environmental projects are planned
for the near future, including a hazardous waste storage facility
upgrade, environmental laboratory, metal and plastic drum management,
and landform for treatment of oil contaminated soil.